Toad lilies belong to the genus Tricyrtus, and are members of the Liliaceae family.
USDA Hardiness Zones:
Toad lilies grow in zones 4 to 8.
Size of Toad Lily Plants:
Toad lilies range from one to three feet in height.
Flowers of Toad Lily Plants
The flowers of toad lilies have six petals, held in an upright position. The petals and stigmas usually have showy speckles, ranging from red to purple. The flowers are only about the size of a quarter, but are numerous.
Foliage of Toad Lily Plants:
Additional Toad Lily Facts:
Design Tips for Toad Lilies:
Growing Tips for Toad Lilies:
Toad lilies like part sun to full shade. The further south they grow, the more shade they require. The plants like consistent moisture, but well-drained soil. They don’t like wet feet and will experience rot in standing water.
Toad lilies don’t recover well from transplant shock, so plant them immediately if you’ve obtained them through mail order, and give them a permanent home in the shade garden. You can propagate your toad lilies via seed or division. The seed requires stratification, which you can accomplish by sowing them in pots outdoors in the fall. Germination, and usually flowering, occur the next season.
Recommended Toad Lily Varieties:
- ‘Amethystina’ bears tiny white blooms smothered with reddish brown spots.
- ‘Angel’s Halo’ produces white flowers with a yellow throat over several weeks.
- ‘Eco Yellow Spangles’ is a late fall bloomer featuring red spotted yellow blooms.
- ‘Miyazaki’ has an arching habit with white flowers covered with purple speckles that run together.
- ‘Snow Fountain’ is a prolific bloomer with pure white flowers.
Maintenance Tips for Toad Lilies:
Toad lilies don’t compete well with other plants, so keep their space weed free. They don’t need fertilization, but a three inch layer of organic mulch will provide them a cool root run.
Pests & Diseases of Toad Lilies:
Although toad lilies are relatively pest-free, slugs and snails do snack on the foliage. You can set out a piece of damp cardboard beside the toad lilies, where the pests will seek refuge during the day. Simply discard the cardboard with the unwelcome passengers attached.